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Talk to:

Dr. Richard Adjei

Deputy Director

+233 302 665125

radjei@gipcghana.com

The Market

In Ghana, electricity accounts for about 9% of the total energy consumption. Energy consumption of Ghana is estimated at 6.6million TOE. Household electricity consumption is primarily for lighting and in some cases for cooking.
Exports of electricity in 2010 amounted to US $119.56 million. The volume of electricity in million of kilowatt-hours exported in 2010 was 1,002.51.In 2011 and 2012 the value of electricity exported amounted to US$66,105,797.55 and 50,865,042.14 respectively. ( See Table 1).

Table 1

Ghana: Value, Volume and Unit Price of Electricity Exports in 2010, 2011 and 2012. (In millions of US dollars, unless otherwise specified)

 

2010

2011

2012

Value

119.56

66,105,797.55

50,865,042.14

Volume (millions of kilowatt-hours)

1,002.51

691.84

611.54

Unit value (US’ 000/kilowatt-hour)

0.12

0.0956

0.0832

 

 

 

Table 2

Sectoral Electricity Consumption in GWh 2005 - 2010

 

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Household

1,957

2,080

1,855.62

2,033.24

2,202.32

2,436.69

Commercial

746. 9

841

702.21

781.40

754.45

819.94

Industry

2,542. 6

3592

1,351.25

1,501.16

1,518.63

1,703.80

TOTAL

5,247

6,513

3,909.09

4,315.81

4,475.40

4,960.42

Total System Losses

1,418

1,425

1,236.48

1,483.45

1576.53

1,810.64

Approximately 10.3 million people (51%) have access to improved water supplies in Ghana. For the 8.4 million residents in the country's urban areas this increases slightly to 61% with two thirds of these or 40% of the total urban population covered by GWCL's networks.

With GWCL's unaccounted-for water (UFW) at about 50% of total output, the volume of water that is effectively sold (280,000 m3/day) is less than half of the daily demand (763,300 m3).